Socioeconomics & Statistics Programme

What is Socioeconomics & Statistics Programme?

This programme studies issues that are of social economic significance to policy making in Penang and the country as a whole. We develop databases with facts and figures of interest to policymakers and the general public, and provide analyses on matters affecting governance, public welfare and individual freedom. Recent research carried out by the programme concerned the skills gap, the income gap, demographic change, digital transformation and gender inequality.

Who are the team members?

Ong Wooi Leng, Head
She holds two master’s degrees in Social Sciences (Economics) from University Sains Malaysia (USM) and the National University of Singapore (NUS). Prior to her admission at NUS, she had been involved in many socio-economics projects at Penang Institute. A few notable ones include public finance, economic trends and higher education studies. She was also engaged in tourism project with professors at USM. She actively publishes papers in academic journals and articles in Penang Monthly. Her research interest lies in industrial economics and consumer behaviours.

Dr Negin Vaghefi, Senior Analyst
She holds Ph.D. in Environmental Economics and Master in Environmental Management from Universiti Putra Malaysia. She has a research background from academic experience. She had been involved in projects and research works at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), and Universiti Malaya (UM). Her research interests include environmental economics, climate change, sustainable development, green economics, social security, poverty and income inequality, System Dynamics modelling, and policy analysis.

Dr Lee Siu Ming, Senior Analyst
He holds a Ph.D. in Economics (specialisation in International Economics) from Universiti Sains Malaysia with scholarship from Yayasan Khazanah. He has experience in academic research, investment promotion and export promotion. His research interests include, but not limited to, international economics, business economics, applied macroeconomics, and policy analysis.

Yeong Pey Jung, Research Projects Advisor (Executive Director’s Office) and Senior Analyst
She holds a Masters in Business from Swinburne University of Technology and a double degree in Arts (Psychology & Political Science) and Commerce (Economics) from University of Melbourne. Her main research work includes gender equality, minority marginalization and socio-economic issues in youth development. Other research interests include the Malaysia NEP, affirmative action in a welfare state, and the politics of international trade.

Timothy Choy, Senior Analyst
He holds a Master in Public Policy and Administration from the London School of Economics and a Bachelor of Science in Economics from the University of Nottingham. He has had working experience in the Performance Management and Delivery Unit of the Prime Minister’s Office where he monitored and executed deliverables for rural development in the Government Transformation Program. During his time in London, he worked as a researcher in London Youth, formulating a framework for monitoring and evaluation of interventions by NGOs across London. His research interest includes topics on international economics, growth and inequality, and policy analysis.

Darshan Joshi, Analyst
He holds a Master’s degree in Public Policy from the University of Chicago and a Bachelor’s in Economics from the University of New South Wales. His research interests centre on energy and environmental economics, with an emphasis on climate change and decarbonisation. Past work includes analyses on renewable energy, electric vehicles, and national budgets within the context of Malaysia.

Ng Kar Yong, Statistician
She holds a Master Degree in Science (Statistics) and a Bachelor Degree in Applied Sciences (Applied Statistics) from the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). She had been a Research Assistant in School of Mathematical Sciences of USM. Her Master’s thesis was about “Statistical Modelling for Forecasting PM10 Concentrations in Peninsular Malaysia”


Post-Event Evaluation of Asia Pacific Masters Games 2018

Penang Economic and Development Report 2017/2018

Penang Skilled Workforce Study

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA)

The 2016 Budget and Economic Outlook

Oil Price 2015

Penang Economic Indicators | Jan 2015

The Economic Costs & Benefits of Brain Drain from Malaysia

The State of Penang’s Industrial Base

The Impact of the Goods & Services Tax on Malaysian Households

Penang Paradigm – Economic Dynamism
The ‘Economic Dynamism’ section is one of three core pillars proposed in the Penang Paradigm to direct the state’s development agenda for the next decade. The Economic Dynamism sets out a publically endorsed vision for Penang where its economic potential and its potential are developed simultaneously and to their fullest extent. This section critically analyses the current situation and proposes a strategy to improve the economic growth drivers of Penang.

Re-examining State Finances & Governance: The Challenge for Penang

Penang Industrial Talent Requirement Study 2011/12

PDC Business Intelligence Reports

Higher Education as a Source of Economic Growth: Input-Output Analysis