Institutional Reform and Governance Programme

What is Institutional Reform and Governance Programme?

The Institutional Reforms and Governance Programme focuses on how Malaysia’s political system and governance infrastructure can be reformed and rationalised, so that political competition and innovations may be embraced after half a century of electoral authoritarianism and in sober recognizance of the population’s deep communal divides. Our research and advocacy interests cover the issues of electoral system, party system, federalism, parliamentary democracy, as well as policy accountability, effectiveness and responsiveness in general.

Who are the team members?

Dr Lim Chee Han, Senior Analyst
He is a scientifically-trained researcher. He holds a PhD in Infection Biology from Hannover Medical School, Germany, and a Master’s degree in Immunology from Imperial College London. Prior to joining the KL office, he spent 2 and a half years in the Economics Studies section at Penang Institute, Penang office. He has diverse interests in various socio-political issues. Healthcare and education reform are currently his main research focus, while sustainable development and social equality are also his policy concern. He believes that a nation would advance significantly if policymaking is taken very seriously.

Kenneth Cheng, Analyst
He has a degree in Economics and graduate diploma in Politics. His research interests include parliamentary and electoral reform, local democracy and the political economy of health and housing.

Mohd Izzuddin Ramli, Analyst
He received his master degree in Political Science from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). His research interests include Malay political culture, religion and politics, and subaltern politics, particularly in arts.

Nidhal bin Mujahid, Analyst
Graduated from International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM) with a bachelor’s degree of Human Sciences in Political Sciences, his research interest includes the study of Muslim Diaspora in the 18th and 19th century and the relationship between culture and urbanization of Muslims in Penang. He writes occasionally about political Islam and subsequently reads about Malay issues.


Penang Institute’s Simple Guide to the Election Commission’s Constituency Delimitation Review Report for the States of Malaya

Malapportionment in the 2015 – 2016 Redelineation Exercises

Federalism in Malaysia – Design and Practice
The project aims to examine the health of federalism in Malaysia from its original design, studying division of power in eight functional domains and intergovernmental relations in seven case studies.

Electoral System and Constituency Redelineation
The project studies how malapportionment and gerrymandering may be reduced in the next redelineation exercise, in collaboration with the Bar in research on the 2003-2005 exercises and with Bersih in outreach.

Explaining Women’s Labour Force Participation: A Case Study of Penang
The project aims to identify the gender gaps in the labour force in Penang, by education level, occupational group, age cohort and sociocultural background and propose remedies for stakeholders.

Socio-Economic Study of the Marginalised Indian Community in Penang, 2013-2014
A sequel to a 1998 research, the study seeks to examine the contemporary socio-economic conditions of the marginalised Indians in Penang, with the aim of developing feasible and effective action plans to improve their social wellbeing.

Malay Youth: Where, what and who are they?
This project aims to map out Malay youths based on their socio-economic and political leanings. This is to demystify the notion that Malay youth can be simplistically categorised as just urban or rural as well as to find out what makes them tick?